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Open Access Open Badges Original research

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; use, training and self-confidence in skills. A self-report study among hospital personnel

Laila A Hopstock

Author Affiliations

Institute of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromsø, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway

Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2008, 16:18  doi:10.1186/1757-7241-16-18

Published: 16 December 2008



Immediate start of basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation have been highlighted as crucial for survival from cardiac arrest, but despite new knowledge, new technology and massive personnel training the survival rates from in-hospital cardiac arrest are still low. National guidelines recommend regular intervals of CPR training to make all hospital personnel able to perform basic CPR till advanced care is available. This study investigates CPR training, resuscitation experience and self-confidence in skills among hospital personnel outside critical care areas.


A cross-sectional study was performed at three Norwegian hospitals. Data on CPR training and CPR use were collected by self-reports from 361 hospital personnel.


A total of 89% reported training in CPR, but only 11% had updated their skills in accordance with the time interval recommended by national guidelines. Real resuscitation experience was reported by one third of the respondents. Both training intervals and use of skills in resuscitation situations differed among the professions. Self-reported confidence decreased only after more than two years since last CPR training.


There is a gap between recommendations and reality in CPR training among hospital personnel working outside critical care areas.