Table 1

Sample characteristics (n = 128), and prevalence of delirium
Pre-test Post-test P value*
(n = 74) (n = 133)
Female sex (n = 207) 48 (64.9%) 70 (52.6%) 0.119
Median age (IQR) in years (n = 207) 80.0 (74.0, 84.8) 76.9 (72.3, 84.2) 0.282
Emergency severity index level (n = 207) 0.493
 ESI 1 1 (1.4%) 1 (0.8%)
 ESI 2 21 (28.4%) 28 (21.1%)
 ESI 3 34 (45.9%) 66 (49.6%)
 ESI 4 5 (6.8%) 17 (12.8%)
 ESI 5 0 0
 Missing (direct boarders) 13 (17.6%) 21 (15.8%)
Complaint (n = 206) 0.427
 Specific 40 (54.1%) 81 (61.4%)
 Non specific 17 (23.0%) 21 (15.9%)
 Trauma 12 (16.2%) 25 (18.9%)
 Other 5 (6.76%) 5 (3.79%)
Disposition 0.113
 Admitted 42 (65.8) 85 (63.9%)
 Transferred 10 (13.5%) 7 (5.3%)
 Discharged 22 (29.7%) 41 (30.8%)
Time between presentation and assessment in hours (n = 207), mean (SD) 2.1 (0.6) 1.9 (0.6) 0.014
Number of different medications (n = 202) mean (SD) 7.58 (5.75) 7.83 (6.85) 0.779
Sum of ACB-score (n = 202) 0.948
 0 42 (57.5%) 75 (58.1%)
 1 19 (26.0%) 35 (27.1%)
 2 5 (6.85%) 10 (7.7%)
 ≥3 7 (9.59%) 9 (7.0%)
Age adjusted CCI (n = 203), median (IQR) 5.0 (4.0, 7.0) 5.0 (4.0, 6.0) 0.229
Delirium, yes (n = 201) 0.021
 Yes 12 (16.4%) 7 (5.5%)
 No 61 (83.6%) 121 (94.5%)

ESI, Emergency Severity Index; ACB, Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale; CCI, Charlson Comorbidity Index, SD, standard deviation.

*T-Test, Mann–Whitney U test and Chi-square test as appropriate.

Grossmann et al.

Grossmann et al. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 2014 22:19   doi:10.1186/1757-7241-22-19

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